Celebration & Reflection
EFOD's 18th Birthday

Part 2

Kpone Saduase Sewing School Ghana EFOD Bristol
built a structure for the women of Kpone Saduase village
between 2010 and 2013.

Angie Cook, then of Cambridge Education Associates,
has had a long term relationship with this village in Ghana,
and EFOD Bristol designed and supervised the construction
of a centre to train women of the village in sewing and other skills.

The centre includes a large work / lecture room, sanitation,
and accommodation for visiting lectures / teachers.
It was our first structure requiring earthquake resistance,
and benefitted from significant donations
from Mott MacDonald and their staff.
'Adapted' from Ian Flower's 'EFOD 18th Birthday' Facebook posts

Link to Ian's Facebook page

Kathy's Centre Mayuge.

A community health and education facility built by EFOD North West between 2014 & 2016 for Act 4 Africa,
a Manchester based charity working to alleviate poverty in Mayuge near Jinja, Uganda.

The Centre is in memory of their late co-founder Kathy Smedley, who died in August 2014, and includes, Kathy's Kindergarten,
a Youth Club, HIV Testing and Counselling, and Micro-finance and Enterprise Training.

EFOD NW raised funds and managed the design of the development before sending 16 volunteers for just 2 weeks
to supervise construction in late 2016. The Centre was formerly opened in September 2017.
Great work by EFOD North West.                                 More about Kathy's project

EFOD have built four hospital incinerators
to assist Ugandan Hospitals to dispose of medical waste safely.
Masaka Hospital was the first to benefit in 2003, Soroti in 2005,
Atatur in 2007 and Kumi in 2012.

In each case six EFOD volunteers went to site for two weeks in pairs
and supervised the construction of a De Montford waste incinerator
and developed a waste management strategy with the hospital staff.
The design is a low cost model which lasts 3-5 years.
Masaka & Soroti have since been repaired or rebuilt
by the hospital maintenance teams, Kumi is due for repair in 2018.
Temperature control seems to be the main problem,
since burning too hot incinerates all the waste effectively
but over time damages the structure and top plate,
better control improves longevity.

In developed areas we take water supply for granted.

Not so for those who live in rural Africa where long queues at boreholes,
with lines of yellow jerrycans, is a common site.

EFOD need water to build, early provision of a potable water supply
beomes a lasting legacy for the local community.
At Koutulai 70m deep borehole was sunk early in the programme
and now supplies a community of 700 around the development.

EFOD Cardiff are about to start site work on a new Primary School.
Work to sink a new borehole on the site to benefit both school
and the community starts soon, helping EFOD to meet yet more
Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs ).

TESS Vocational School Uganda.

This is an ambitious project to build a Vocational School in Kapir to provide a training school children in Teso.
EFOD Cardiff designed the first three units, built the first in 2011 and helped procure a contractor to build the second in 2012.

Power supplies in Africa are improving but a five day outage
is not uncommon,and access to mains power is not available
in some rural areas.

As the cost of installing solar power has reduced
EFOD have been fitting large panels and low voltage lighting
to new builds for the last five years and retrofitting older schemes.

The Malera project, the Mam Riang Grain Store
and the Kachumbala Maternity Unit all benefit from the technology
in a variety of ways. Kathy's Centre has a complete system
with a comprehensive array of batteries.

EFOD and SaltPeter Trust have also returned to Soroti Medical Center
and Koutulai Village Hall to retrofit complete solar lighting systems.

EFOD's first two schemes were the construction of latrines in The Gambia,
and two five cubicle long drop latrines in Mbale on a showground in 2001.

As schemes increased in size, EFOD moved to a more sustainable provision
constructing EcoSan toilets at Koutulai and CASSO Orphanage,
before moving to internal EcoSan toilets in the TESS development.

The waste is separated, then recycled over a period of time,
and finally used as fertilizer.

At Kathy's Centre EFOD NW provided fine squat and seated toilets,
while at the Soroti Medical Centre and Kachumbala Maternity Unit
EFOD built bathrooms discharging to septic tanks.

Water for Kumi Hospital.

Water is pumped 8km from the nearby lake to supply Kumi Mission Hospital in Uganda.
The pump house was destroyed in one of the uprisings some time ago, and rebuilt in 2004, alas too low. When lake levels were very high, hand pumping every 6 hours was necessary to keep the engines dry and supply 2000 people in the Hospital. Water stains 1.2m up the walls are pointed out by Charles, the Administrator.

EFOD London designed a solution to the problem and built a plynth within the pump house to lift the pump and engine above flood level to secure the supply throughout the year. This was a bit of a 'pipe stranglers' job needing new pipework to be fabricated in a backstreet workshop somewhere in Kampala, 250 km away.

EFOD have also designed and built a trial of a low cost solar water heater here in the UK, and plan to build one at the hospital, in an attempt to prove the old adage 'an Engineer can build for 5 bob what any fool can do for £ 1'. A survey of their cooking shed, engine and pump replacement and new EcoSan latrines are also on the agenda for future work.

EFOD have been taking sustainability seriously for over 10 years,
with the use of interlocking stabilised blocks ( ISSB's )
instead of fired clay bricks, and rainwater harvesting.

Most buildings in Uganda are from clay bricks which are fired
by burning large quanties of timber. The ISSB's are made on site
using murrum, a naturally occurring deposit of sand and stones.
When mixed with cement and pressed in a patent press on site,
the resulting blocks are uniform in size, which saves on mortar
needed to bond them together. Conventional clay bricks tend
to vary in size and so need lots of mortar.

ISSB's have been used on all EFOD Buildings since 2008.

EFOD also build tanks on schemes, to harvest rainwater during wet season.
At both Soroti Medical Centre and TESS in Kapir,
50,000 litre tanks have been built using curved ISSB blocks
with a skin of reinforced cement render,
and catch water from the roofs to supply each development.
At Kachumbala Maternity Unit EFOD used UPVC tanks
to harvest roof water for supply into the centre
and for hand washing for families who feed the new mothers.
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